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Density and Temperature Evolutions in $^{132}$Sn+$^{208}$Pb and $^{140}$Xe+$^{208}$Pb Collisions
New Physics: Sae Mulli 2017; 67: 36~40
Published online January 31, 2017;
© 2017 New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Myungkuk KIM*, Young-Min KIM, Yujeong LEE, Chang-Hwan LEE†

Department of Physics, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea
Correspondence to: *, †
Received June 11, 2016; Revised October 25, 2016; Accepted November 4, 2016.
cc This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The new rare isotope accelerator RAON, which is under construction in Korea, will provide opportunities to perform heavy-ion collision experiments. $^{132}$Sn and $^{140}$Xe are among the major sources of projectiles at RAON. These isotopes are important sources for investigating nucleosynthesis in the Universe and the nuclear symmetry energy. In this work, we did a computer simulation of $^{132}$Sn$+^{208}$Pb and $^{140}$Xe$+^{208}$Pb collision experiments with a given beam energy at $E_{\rm lab}$ = 200 MeV/u. In the computer simulation, we use relativistic mean field theory to describe the dense nuclear matter and RBUU (Relativistic Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck) transport model to describe the nuclear collisions. We found that the temperature at the center of the colliding system reached $\sim$30 MeV, and study the possibilities of various low-energy nuclear matter phase transitions.
PACS numbers: 81.05.Ea, 85.30.Tv
Keywords: Rare isotope, Phase transition, Dense nuclear matter, Relativistic mean field theory

January 2017, 67 (1)