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The Effects Introducing of Gold Nanoparticles into the Photoelectrodes of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
New Physics: Sae Mulli 2017; 67: 46~51
Published online January 31, 2017;
© 2017 New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Hong Ha Thi VU, Hyung Kook KIM*, Yoon-Hwae HWANG†

Department of Nanoenergy Engineering & BK21 PLUS Nanoconvergence Technology Division, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea
Correspondence to: *, †
Received August 26, 2016; Revised October 12, 2016; Accepted October 12, 2016.
cc This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
In this study, we introduced gold nanoparticles NPs into the photoelectrodes of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) to study the effect of surface plasmon resonance from gold nanoparticles on the cells. Two different approaches were examined. First, a TiO$_2$-based composite photoelectrode with Au NPs and luminescent ZrO$_2$:Er$^{3+}$ phosphor NPs was used to improve the overall solar light harvesting through both the up- and the down-conversion luminescence properties of the ZrO$_2$:Er$^{3+}$ phosphor particles and the plasmonic effect of the gold nanoparticles. In the second method, composite TiO$_2$ nanofibers integrated with Au NPs were used as a light-harvesting layer in a photoelectrode to increase the conversion efficiency of the DSSCs. In a typical preparation process, the photoelectrodes with and without gold nanoparticles were prepared to compare their efficiencies. The results show that the efficiency of the DSSCs was decreased when gold nanoparticles were added into the photoelectrodes.
PACS numbers: 88.40.H-
Keywords: Au nanoparticles, TiO$_2$, phosphor particles, Dye-sensitized solar cells

January 2017, 67 (1)