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Analysis of Scientific Inquiry Problems and Hypothesis-Testing Methods in Physics Inquiry Reports Made by Middle and High School Students
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2017; 67: 1370~1377
Published online November 30, 2017;
© 2017 New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Yung-jun YANG1, Kyung-hee KANG*2

1 Jejujeil High School, Jeju 63087, Korea
2 Department of Science Education, Education college, Jeju National University, Jeju 63243, Korea
Correspondence to:
Received September 8, 2017; Revised September 29, 2017; Accepted October 3, 2017.
cc This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the types of inquiry problems and hypothesis testing methods presented in the physical inquiry reports of middle and high school students. To this end, we analyzed 92 physical field reports from 2010 to 2016 from among the inquiry reports submitted to the 'Science Inquiry Academy' held in 'J' City. As a result of the analysis, the types of inquiry problem were higher in order of 'relationship inquiry' type, 'new problem' inquiry type, and 'why - how to' inquiry type. In the analysis of the hypothesis test method for each inquiry problem, the frequency was higher in the order of 'direct observation' method and 'proportional comparison' method. On the other hand, only a small number of similar comparison methods and positive comparison methods appeared. As a result of comparing the relationship between the inquiry problem type and the hypothesis verification method, we found that other types, except for the 'relationship inquiry problem' type, used the 'direct observation' method while the students who selected the 'relationship inquiry' type frequently used the 'proportional comparison' method.
PACS numbers: 01.50.Pa
Keywords: Physics inquiry report, Inquiry problem, Hypothesis-testing method, Relationship inquiry, Direct observation

March 2018, 68 (3)
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