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A study on the inventive thinking and methods of scientists engaged with the development of electromagnetism in the nineteenth century
New Phys.: Sae Mulli
Published online December 31, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.3938/NPSM.0.0
© 2018 New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Hunkoog Jho*
Received December 7, 2018; Revised December 31, 2018; Accepted December 31, 2018.
Abstract
This study aimed at investigating the life and works of scientists involved in electromagnetism in the nineteenth century and giving some implications for bridging scientific and inventive education. This study selected a number of scientists (e.g., Faraday, Maxwell, Tesla, Einstein) and analyzed primary and secondary records about them since they had much contribution to the integration of electricity and magnetism and to the industrialization in the modern societies. The result showed that they became accustomed to science and engineering in a childhood and their prior experience influenced their achievements in the late careers. The characters of their creative works can be identified as emergence of imagination based on their daily experience, visual thinking using spatial items and inferential thinking using metaphor. Thus, this study gave some implications for improving science education with inventive thinking such as representing students’ own ideas, explicit ways to stimulating visual thinking, and application of invention strategies to science inquiries.


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