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Analysis of the Electric Circuit Activities Presented in Science Textbooks and Development of a Teaching and Learning Strategy for Electric Circuits by Using a Card Game and a Small Scale Electric Circuit Kit
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2019; 69: 165~175
Published online February 28, 2019;
© 2019 New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Bongwoo LEE*

Department of Science Education, Dankook University, Yongin 16890, Korea
Correspondence to:
Received December 19, 2018; Revised December 26, 2018; Accepted December 31, 2018.
cc This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the electrical circuit activities presented in science textbooks and to develop teaching and learning strategies that can enhance students' interest. The main results are as follows: First, the electric circuit contents were composed of similar contents regardless of the curriculum revision, and the content level was slightly lowered. Second, the electric circuit activities in textbooks were similar to each other and consisted of activities to identify physics concepts. Third, I developed new activities using a `card game' and a `small electric circuit device' to allow students to become more interested in electric circuits. Fourth, as a result of applying three activities, comprehension of circuits through role play, design of electric circuits through mission performance, and students' own design for electric circuits, this teaching and learning strategy clearly improved students' interest and understanding of electric circuits.
PACS numbers:
Keywords: Electric circuit, Science textbook, Card game, Small scale electric circuit kit \vspace{-1cm}

April 2019, 69 (4)
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