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https://doi.org/10.3938/NPSM.69.265
A Study on the Inventive Thinking and Methods of Scientists Engaged in the Development of Electromagnetism in the Nineteenth Century
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2019; 69: 265~272
Published online March 29, 2019;  https://doi.org/10.3938/NPSM.69.265
© 2019 New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Hun Koog JHO*

Department of General Education, Dankook University, Cheonan 31116, Korea
Correspondence to: hjho80@dankook.ac.kr
Received December 7, 2018; Revised December 31, 2018; Accepted December 31, 2018.
cc This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
This study aimed at investigating the lives and works of scientists involved in electromagnetism in the nineteenth century and at giving some implications for bridging scientific and inventive education. This study selected a number of scientists ($e.g.$, Faraday, Maxwell, Tesla, Einstein) and analysed their primary and secondary biographic records because they have made significant contributions to the integration of electricity and magnetism and to the industrialisation of modern societies. The result showed that they had became accustomed to science and engineering during their childhood and that their prior experience influenced their achievements later in life. Their creative works can be characterised as emerging imagination based on their daily experience, visual thinking using spatial items and inferential thinking using metaphors. Thus, this study has identified some implications for improving science education with inventive thinking, e.g., representing students’ own ideas, explicit ways to stimulating visual thinking, and applications of invention strategies to scientific inquiries.
PACS numbers: 01.40.Fk, 01.65.+g
Keywords: Electromagnetism, History of science, Tesla, Maxwell, Inventive thinking


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