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Comprehensive Comparison of NGSS and KSES and Analysis of Physics Content Elements of Performance Expectations Based on the TIMSS Science Framework
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2019; 69: 916~931
Published online September 30, 2019;
© 2019 New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Hyojoon KIM, Jinwoong SONG*

Department of Physics Education, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
Correspondence to:
Received July 12, 2019; Revised July 31, 2019; Accepted August 2, 2019.
cc This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
In preparation for a changing future society, the frameworks of science education have changed in many countries. The Next Generation Science Standard (NGSS) was announced in the U.S. in 2013, and the Korean Science Education Standard (KSES) was developed in 2019. In this study, we examined whether the KSES can be used to provide future national science curriculum guidelines and looked for ways to achieve successful implementation. Macroscopically, the orientation of the KSES might be identified through similarities and differences in objectives and systems by comparing it with the NGSS. Microscopically, based on the Science Framework of TIMSS 2019 (8th grade) which is an international comparative achievement assessment, the physics content elements extracted from both standards were compared and analyzed. In addition, by considering the strategies and processes that have been carried out to implement the NGSS, we explored specific requirements for the implementation of KSES.
PACS numbers: 01.40.$-$d, 01.40.E-, 01.78.+p
Keywords: Next generation science standard (NGSS), Korean science education standard (KSES), TIMSS Science framework, Discipline core ideas, Knowledge performance expectation, Physics contents

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