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Comparison of Multicultural Students' Ability of Verbal Expressions and Picture Expressions on Physics Concepts
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2019; 69: 1064~1071
Published online October 31, 2019;
© 2019 New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Ju Sang KIM, Deaho SHIN, Wonkun OH*

Department of Physics Education, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea
Correspondence to:
Received July 9, 2019; Revised August 30, 2019; Accepted September 9, 2019.
cc This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This study compares the characteristics of Korean-born multicultural students who have no problem in Korean communication in everyday life when they express physics concepts in a linguistic way and in a picture. As a result of our research on the characteristics of verbal expressive ability through reading, dictation, making sentences, explaining in writing, and explaining in words, various problems were found. However, as a result of expressing the same physics concept as a picture, we were able to discover various abundant expressive abilities, unlike the difficulties in verbal expression. The students were also found to express the concept with a unique picture of oneself that did not appear in textbooks. They compare the time and the events before or after a specific events, contrasted the characteristics of things, and used their own specific experiences to express abstract concepts. This result suggests that a careful education method considering multicultural students' language difficulties is needed in physics education.
PACS numbers: 01.40.Fk
Keywords: Multicultural students, Ability to explain in linguistic expressions, Ability to depict with drawing

October 2019, 69 (10)
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