Table. 3.

Students Response to Open-Ended Question.

Description Physics Students (%) Natural Science Students (%)
Students can determine who wins based on the magnitude of the maximum static friction and determine the acceleration correctly 5.8 0
Students can determine who wins based on the magnitude of the maximum static friction but cannot determine the acceleration correctly 27.9 12.7
Students can determine the winner correctly but without a clear reason 6.7 35.6
Students cannot determine who won correctly 59.6 51.7
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2022;72:311~318 https://doi.org/10.3938/NPSM.72.311
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