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Table. 4.

Structure of science learning and teaching self-efficacy measurement tool.

Factor Meaning Example Items
Learning Efficacy scale Belief in one’s ability learn science I think I can learn anything from a science textbook. 8
Teaching Efficacy scale Belief in one’s ability teach science I know the methods needed to effectively teach science concepts 8
Outcome Expectancy scale Expectancy on outcomes of one’s science teaching If a student with low achievement in science gradually improves, it is because of the special attention and effort of the teacher. 8
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2023;73:362~377