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Table. 2.

Number of cases of adaptive practices in a pre-service physics teacher’s class.

Item of adaptive practice* Cases Example
N %
9. I coordinate students’ learning activities to match the learning goals. 8 33.3%

· In the special theory of relativity class, explanations related to muons were modified to allow students to learn through activity sheets.

· The plan to conduct quiz-solving activities in groups was modified to individual solving activities and a presentation was added.

7. In order to increase learning effectiveness, I omit some of the activities or materials from the class that were originally planned. 6 25.0%

· The plan to present all of the topics covered was changed to present only one topic.

· The plan to conduct online quizzes for each student was changed to an all-face-to-face activity.

2. I adjust the level and scope of concepts covered in class based on the understanding of science curriculum and learners. 4 16.7%

· After seeing students' reactions, he changed the original plan to cover the first law of thermodynamics and perpetual motion machines, and changed the content of perpetual motion machines to the next lesson.

6. I add or modify materials, examples, demonstrations, etc. to increase learning effectiveness. 4 16.7%

· When teaching momentum and impulse, examples of collisions in the military were added to motivate.

· The plan to present only one speed calculation problem was changed to present three problems due to lack of student understanding.

4. I provide appropriate assistance to students who need help with numeracy or literacy. 1 4.2%

· When the units of speed are different, a conversion method to match the units was added for guidance.

8. I monitor students’ activity to identify individual differences and respond appropriately. 1 4.2%

· The plan was to have students only present, but feedback on the presentation was added.

* Among the 17 adaptive practice items presented by Kim [6], only 6 items found in this study are represented. The number is the item number suggested in previous research.

New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2024;74:59~68