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Table. 1.

Information of participant preservice physics teachers.

Pre-service teacher Sex School Subject Topic
A male high school physics Ⅰ momentum and impulse
B male high school physics Ⅰ thermal efficiency
C female high school physics Ⅰ special relativity
D female high school Integrated Science plate tectonics
E male high school physics Ⅰ Internal energy and heat engine
F male middle school science 3 uniform velocity motion
G female middle school science 2 force acting on coil in a magnetic field
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2024;74:59~68