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Table. 1.

Participants.

Topic School Number of students (person)
Gender 4th grade 5th grade 6th grade ęł„
Measure temperature change when two substances of different temperatures in contact (Exp. 1.) K Elementary School Female 2 4 3 12
Male 2 0 1
Observe and infer heat transfer in solids (Exp. 2.) H Elementary School Female 4 2 4 12
Male 0 2 0
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2024;74:461~476 https://doi.org/10.3938/NPSM.74.461
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