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Table. 3.

Experimental performance analysis framework.

Experiment Topic Evaluation content
Measure temperature change when two substances of different temperatures in contact Experimental setup E51. Install the stand.
E52. Place the metal can filled with cold water into the beaker containing warm water.
E53. Place two alcohol thermometers in a metal can and a beaker and hang them on a stand.
Performing experiment E54. Before measuring the time, measure the initial temperature of the cold and warm water.
E55. Time is measured every minute.
E56. Measure the temperature of the water in the can and beaker every minute.
E57. Record the measured temperature accurately in the experiment workbook.
Interpretation of experimental results I51. Based on the experimental results, when two substances of different temperatures come into contact, the temperature of the warm substance gradually decreases and the temperature of the cold substance gradually increases. (induction)
I52. Explain that as time passes while the two materials are in contact, the temperatures of the two materials become the same. (extrapolation)
Understanding Science Concepts C51. Based on the results of the experiment or interpretation of the results, explain that the reason the temperature of two substances in contact changes is due to heat transfer (concept introduction)
C52. Explain that between two substances in contact, heat moves from the substance with a higher temperature to the substance with a lower temperature (applying the concept)
Observe and infer heat transfer in solids Experimental setup E61. Install the stand and fixing clamp ring.
E62. Set up a long cut copper plate on a stand, light a candle and place it in the appropriate position under the end of the copper plate.
E65. Set up a square copper plate on a stand, light a candle and place it in the appropriate position under one end of the copper plate.
E68. Set up a C-shaped copper plate on a stand, light a candle and place it in the appropriate position under one end of the copper plate.
Performing experiment E63. Observe the color change of the heat detection sticker while heating one end of a long cut copper plate.
E64. Accurately record the phenomenon that appears on the long cut copper plate in their workbook.
E66. Observe the color change of the heat detection sticker while heating one end of a square copper plate.
E67. Accurately record the phenomenon that appears on the square copper plate in their workbook.
E69. Observe the color change of the heat detection sticker while heating one end of a C-shaped copper plate.
E6a. Accurately record the phenomenon that appears on the C-shaped copper plate in their workbook.
Interpretation of experimental results I61. Based on the experimental results, it is inferred that when one part of a solid material is heated, the color of the heat detection sticker changes and the temperature of that part increases.
I62. Based on the experimental results, infer the direction of heat transfer from the color change of the heat detection sticker.
I63. Students state or record that heat moves from a high temperature to a low temperature in a solid.
Understanding Science Concepts C61. Explain that in solids, heat moves through a solid material.
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2024;74:461~476 https://doi.org/10.3938/NPSM.74.461
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