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Table. 5.

Analysis of students’ responses according to the experimental process.

Topic Observe and infer heat transfer in solids
Analysis of exploratory activity contents and results 4th 5th 6th
4M 4N 4O 4P 5Q 5R 5S 5T 6U 6V 6W 6X
Experimental setup E61. Install the stand and fixing clamp ring.
E62. Set up a long cut copper plate on a stand, light a candle and place it in the appropriate position under the end of the copper plate. O O O O O O
E65. Set up a square copper plate on a stand, light a candle and place it in the appropriate position under one end of the copper plate. O O O
E68. Set up a C-shaped copper plate on a stand, light a candle and place it in the appropriate position under one end of the copper plate. O O
Performing experiment E63. Observe the color change of the heat detection sticker while heating one end of a long cut copper plate. O O O O O
E64. Accurately record the phenomenon that appears on the long cut copper plate in their workbook. O O O × O O
E66. Observe the color change of the heat detection sticker while heating one end of a square copper plate. O O O O O
E67. Accurately record the phenomenon that appears on the square copper plate in their workbook. O × O O × O O
E69. Observe the color change of the heat detection sticker while heating one end of a C-shaped copper plate. O × O O
E6a. Accurately record the phenomenon that appears on the C-shaped copper plate in their workbook. O × O O O O
Interpretation of experimental results I61. Based on the experimental results, it is inferred that when one part of a solid material is heated, the color of the heat detection sticker changes and the temperature of that part increases. O O O O O O O O O O O
I62. Based on the experimental results, infer the direction of heat transfer from the color change of the heat detection sticker. O O O O O O O O O O O O
I63. Students state or record that heat moves from a high temperature to a low temperature in a solid. O × O × O O O O O O
Understanding Science Concepts C61. Explain that in solids, heat moves through the solid material. O × O × O × × × O O O O
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2024;74:461~476 https://doi.org/10.3938/NPSM.74.461
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