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Table. 4.

Results suggested in students’ scientific explanations.

Type Thermal equilibrium Thermal expansion}
Response N(%) Response N(%)
R1 The temperature of water is lowered and the temperature of icepack is increased 5 (5.2) As the temperature rises⋯ 1 (1.1)
R2 Two (water & icepack) temperatures will be similar. 10 (10.4) Volume increases 1 (1.1)
R3 Not applicable They (joints) will get narrowed and fit together 2 (2.2)
R1-R2-⋯ The temperature of the water will decrease and the temperature of the ice pack will increase (R1-Ma) so that the temperature will be similar (R2-Ma). 18 (18.8) The particles become active (R1-Mi) and become bulky (R2-Ma)⋯. and the gap is narrowed (R3-Ma). 8 (8.8)
Sum 33 (34.4) 12 (13.2)
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2024;74:578~588