Table. 3.

Description of prediction in interval voltage(Duplicates possible).

 Interval Circuit switch Keyword Number of answers(%) Elementary Middle school(12) High school (22) Pre-service teachers(11) Total (45) a-b Open Connection of switch 3(25.0%) 8(36.4%) 3(27.3%) 14(31.1%) The flow of electric current 6(50.0%) 10(45.5%) 4(36.4%) 20(44.4%) Resistance 2(16.7%) 6(27.3%) 1(9.1%) 9(20.0%) Battery 1(8.3%) 4(18.2%) 1(9.1%) 6(13.3%) Magnitude of electrical energy 0(0.0%) 2(9.1%) 1(9.1%) 3(6.7%) Others 3(25.0%) 0(0.0%) 1(9.1%) 4(8.9%) Close Connection of switch 2(16.7%) 7(31.8%) 2(18.2%) 11(24.4%) The flow of electric current 5(41.7%) 10(45.5%) 3(27.3%) 18(40.0%) Resistance 5(41.7%) 7(31.8%) 2(18.2%) 14(31.1%) Battery 2(16.7%) 6(27.3%) 3(27.3%) 11(24.4%) Magnitude of electrical energy 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 2(18.2%) 2(4.4%) Others 3(25.0%) 1(4.5%) 1(9.1%) 5(11.1%) b-c Open Connection of switch 2(16.7%) 9(40.9%) 3(27.3%) 14(31.1%) The flow of electric current 3(25.0%) 8(36.4%) 4(36.4%) 15(33.3%) Resistance 6(50.0%) 8(36.4%) 3(27.3%) 17(37.8%) Battery 1(8.3%) 1(4.5%) 1(9.1%) 3(6.7%) Magnitude of electrical energy 0(0.0%) 2(9.1%) 0(0.0%) 2(4.4%) Others 2(16.7%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 2(4.4%) Close Connection of switch 0(0.0%) 6(27.3%) 2(18.2%) 8(17.8%) The flow of electric current 3(25.0%) 4(18.2%) 2(18.2%) 9(20.0%) Resistance 8(66.7%) 12(54.5%) 6(54.5%) 26(57.8%) Battery 1(8.3%) 1(4.5%) 2(18.2%) 4(8.9%) Magnitude of electrical energy 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) Others 3(25.0%) 4(18.2%) 0(0.0%) 7(15.6%) c-d Open Connection of switch 5(41.7%) 10(45.5%) 5(45.5%) 20(44.4%) The flow of electric current 6(50.0%) 11(50.0%) 6(54.6%) 23(51.1%) Resistance 1(8.3%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 1(2.2%) Battery 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) Magnitude of electrical energy 0(0.0%) 2(9.1%) 0(0.0%) 2(4.4) Others 1(8.3%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 1(2.2%) Close Connection of switch 3(25.0%) 8(36.4%) 1(9.1%) 12(26.7%) The flow of electric current 5(41.7%) 7(31.8%) 4(36.4%) 16(35.6%) Resistance 4(33.3%) 3(13.6%) 3(27.3%) 10(22.2%) Battery 0(0.0%) 1(4.5%) 1(9.1%) 2(4.4) Magnitude of electrical energy 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) Others 3(25.0%) 4(18.2%) 3(27.3%) 10(22.2%) d-e Open Connection of switch 4(33.3%) 7(31.8%) 3(27.3%) 14(31.1%) The flow of electric current 7(58.3%) 10(45.5%) 7(63.6%) 24(53.3%) Resistance 0(0.0%) 2(9.1%) 0(0.0%) 2(4.4%) Battery 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) Magnitude of electrical energy 0(0.0%) 2(9.1%) 1(9.1%) 3(6.7%) Others 1(8.3%) 1(4.5%) 0(0.0%) 2(4.4%) Close Connection of switch 2(16.7%) 4(18.2%) 1(9.1%) 7(15.6%) The flow of electric current 3(25.0%) 9(40.9%) 4(36.4%) 16(35.6%) Resistance 4(33.3%) 5(22.7%) 2(18.2%) 11(24.4%) Battery 1(8.33%) 1(4.5%) 2(18.2%) 4(8.9%) Magnitude of electrical energy 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 1(9.1%) 1(2.2%) Others 4(33.3%) 3(13.6%) 1(9.1%) 8(17.8%) e-a Open Connection of switch 4(33.3%) 10(45.5%) 6(54.5%) 20(44.4%) The flow of electric current 5(41.7%) 8(36.4%) 5(45.5%) 18(40.0%) Resistance 0(0.0%) 1(4.5%) 0(0.0%) 1(2.2%) Battery 3(25.0%) 9(40.9%) 2(18.2%) 14(31.1%) Magnitude of electrical energy 1(8.3%) 2(9.1%) 0(0.0%) 3(6.7%) Others 2(16.7%) 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 2(4.4%) Close Connection of switch 1(8.3%) 8(36.4%) 3(27.3%) 12(26.7%) The flow of electric current 4(33.3%) 5(22.7%) 3(27.3%) 12(26.7%) Resistance 2(16.7%) 4(18.2%) 2(18.2%) 8(17.8%) Battery 6(50.0%) 8(36.4%) 5(45.5%) 19(42.2%) Magnitude of electrical energy 0(0.0%) 0(0.0%) 1(9.1%) 1(2.2%) Others 3(25.0%) 3(13.6%) 1(9.1%) 7(15.6%)
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2024;74:837~848 https://doi.org/10.3938/NPSM.74.837