npsm 새물리 New Physics : Sae Mulli

pISSN 0374-4914 eISSN 2289-0041


Research Paper

New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2020; 70: 353-363

Published online April 29, 2020

Copyright © New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Effect of a Science Toy-Making Lesson on the Science Learning of the Elementary School Students from Multicultural Families

Heung-Sang PARK, Sungmin IM*

Department of Physics Education, Daegu University, Gyeongsan 38453, Korea


Received: December 13, 2019; Revised: January 11, 2020; Accepted: January 22, 2020

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


As the number of multicultural families increases rapidly in Korean, schooling for the students from multicultural families becomes an important issue in science education. One of the problems is their low academic achievement due to educational inequality, so providing diverse learning opportunities can be an approach to solving this problem. In this study, we developed a science toy-making lesson based on basic physics concepts for the elementary school students from multicultural families and explored how this lesson might affect the students’ academic self-efficacy and their science learning experience. As a result of a quantitative analysis, no significant change in students’ academic self-efficacy was noted after the lesson. A phenomenological analysis shows that the science toy worked as a mediating artifact to induce students’ active engagement in science learning and allowed them agencies. Students experienced successes and failures during the design and the making processes, and such experiences gave them both difficulty and confidence in learning. However, cultural and linguistic differences had no effect on the science learning of the students from multicultural families.

Keywords: Science toy, Multicultural family, Academic self-efficacy, Phenomenology