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Restoration of Human Activity in the Archaeological site Using Absolute Dating
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2020; 70: 539~546
Published online June 30, 2020;
© 2020 New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Myung-Jin KIM*

Archaeological Science Institute, RADPION Inc., Daejeon 34013, Korea
Correspondence to:
Received March 16, 2020; Revised April 27, 2020; Accepted May 7, 2020.
cc This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
We first used radiocarbon dating, TL/OSL dating and archaeo-magnetic dating to calculate the absolute chronology of various objects excavated from the Gyesil-ri archaeological site at Gongju. After we had summarized the probability density of all absolute chronologies of each object by using the KDE model performed a peak deconvolution with a normal distribution, and found that human activity first occurred at the Gyesil-ri site in 840 $\pm$ 160 AD (1$\sigma$ SD) and continued from 1,250 $\pm$ 160 AD (1$\sigma$ SD) to 1,670 $\pm$ 180 AD (1$\sigma$ SD). Those periods correspond to the Unified Silla, Goryeo dynasty and late Chosun dynasty, respectively. Within the Gyesil-ri site, the objects related to metallic works, including the slag layer in the late Chosun dynasty period were located perpendicular to the contour lines, which means that the metallic works were carried out at higher places in the Gyesil-ri site and that slag, as well as other residuals, were naturally discarded in lower places.
PACS numbers: 07.75.+h, 78.60.Lc, 91.25.Dx, 89.20.$-$a
Keywords: Gyesil-ri archaeological site, Human activity, Radiocarbon dating, TL/OSL dating, Archaeo-magnetic dating

June 2020, 70 (6)
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