npsm 새물리 New Physics : Sae Mulli

pISSN 0374-4914 eISSN 2289-0041
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New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2020; 70: 652-659

Published online August 31, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3938/NPSM.70.652

Copyright © New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Comparative Study on the Middle School Physics Curriculum of China and Korea

Xue-Mei CUI1, Seung Kee HAN*2

1Normal College, Yanbian University, Yanji 133002, China

2Department of Physics, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea

Correspondence to:skhan@chungbuk.ac.kr

Received: April 21, 2020; Revised: July 5, 2020; Accepted: July 10, 2020

Abstract

The present study takes 2011 middle school physics curriculum standards in China and the physics field of the 2015 science curriculum standards in South Korea as the research objects, and compares the objectives of science (physics) education and the composition of middle school physics curriculum contents in the two countries. The research results are as follows: 1. In terms of science (physics) education goals, both countries aim to improve scientific literacy, aiming to cultivate students' inquiry ability and innovative consciousness on practical issues in nature and life; The curriculum standards in China stress learning basic physics, basic skills, and research method, while the curriculum standards in South Korea stress understanding the core concepts of science. 2. In terms of the content of middle school physics courses, in a quantitative comparison of the breadth and the depth of the content standards, we found that the middle school physics courses in China are more extensive than those of South Korea, but not as deep than those of South Korea. This result reflects the fact that science education in South Korea does not focus on the quantity of knowledge, but on the development of science core competence by learning an appropriate number of science core concepts. The results of this study provide references for the revision of middle school physics curriculum standards and the development of teaching materials in the future, as sell as useful enlightenment for the further improvement of middle school physics education.

Keywords: Middle school, Physics curriculum, Course goals, Breadth, Depth

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