npsm 새물리 New Physics : Sae Mulli

pISSN 0374-4914 eISSN 2289-0041


Research Paper

New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2020; 70: 846-850

Published online October 30, 2020

Copyright © New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Performance Evaluation of a Diverging Collimator in a Small Gamma Camera by Hole Type and Arrangement

Dong-Hee HAN1, Jong-Hun WON1, Cheol-Ha BAEK2*

1Department of Health Medical Science, Graduate School, Kangwon National University, Samcheok 25949, Korea

2Department of Radiological Science, Kangwon National University, Samcheok 25949, Korea


Received: July 27, 2020; Revised: August 12, 2020; Accepted: August 15, 2020


For overcoming the drawbacks of pinhole collimators, which are used to detect a wide field of view, compact diverging collimators using metal-based precision machining have recently been drawing attention in the 3D printer field. Thus, we evaluated the performances of diverging collimators among the square, circular and hexagonal holes, as well as the arrangements of the GAGG crystals. The GATE code and the STL file were used, as was a $^{99m}$Tc point source. The total area and the height of the collimator were set at 25.8 × 25.8 $mm^2$ and 15 mm respectively. While the spatial resolution for all holes was relatively constant within a low error, the sensitivity for the square holes was 37.3% better than that for circular boles and 52.2% better than that for hexagonal holes, Similar results were obtained when the source was moved to the X-axis. Also, if the arrangement of crystals matched the type of the holes in the collimator, the spatial resolution was slightly better, confirming that the higher the degree of matching the hole, the better the performance.

Keywords: Diverging collimator, GATE, Performance evaluation, 3D printer

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