npsm 새물리 New Physics : Sae Mulli

pISSN 0374-4914 eISSN 2289-0041


Research Paper

New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2021; 71: 490-499

Published online May 31, 2021

Copyright © New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Analysis of the Pre-service Science Teachers' Strategies in an Inquiry Theme Finding Activity through a Change of Prior Inquiry

Bongwoo LEE*

Department of Science Education, Dankook University, Yongin 16890, Korea


Received: February 18, 2021; Revised: March 5, 2021; Accepted: March 15, 2021


The purpose of this study is to analyze the strategies used by pre-service science teachers in inquiry theme finding activity through a change of prior inquiry. For this purpose, 29 pre-service science teachers participated in this study, and 94 cases were analyzed. The cases in which the theme of prior inquiry remained unchanged were classified as the use of other experimental equipment, a change in the variables (independent variable, dependent variable), and applications to different environments. The cases in which the theme of prior inquiry was changed were divided into the use of opposite perspective, application to another subject, use of prior inquiry keywords, and the use of abductive thinking. As a result of the study, the largest number of cases were found through the strategy of changing the independent variables, followed by strategies using keywords and strategies applied to other research subjects. In this paper, examples of each strategy are presented, and the implications of enhancing the ability to discover inquiry themes for pre-service science teachers and secondary school students are discussed.

Keywords: Inquiry, Inquiry problem finding, Prior inquiry, Change of prior inqiuiry, Pre-service science teacher