npsm 새물리 New Physics : Sae Mulli

pISSN 0374-4914 eISSN 2289-0041


Research Paper

New Physics: Sae Mulli 2006; 53: 165-171

Published online August 1, 2006

Copyright © New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Medical Applications of Ion Accelerators and Nuclear Science Technology

Jong-Won KIM1*, Chan Hyeong KIM2, Minyoung YOUN3

1Department of Biomedical Engineering, National Cancer Center, Kyonggi, 410-769
2Department of Nuclear Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791
3National Center for Inter-University Research Facilities, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742



The ion accelerators, that were originally developed for the study of nuclear science have been used for medical purposes, and recently rather large-scale accelerator systems have been adapted for radiation therapy. Domestically, small-scale cyclotrons of 10 ~ 30 MeV for the production of radioisotopes are prominent examples of medical applications of accelerators. Another example is the proton a 230-MeV cyclotron that was recently installed at the National Cancer Center (NCC) for cancer therapy. Unlike isotope-production cyclotrons, cancer-therapy accelerators usually require more than one year of system verification to insure the proper formation of a beam for therapy, therapy beam formation, the safety of the system, and so on. In addition, unlike the beams for scientific users, therapeutic beams demand the precise control of the dose distributions tailored to various users, for which detector technologies developed for nuclear experiments can be applied.

Keywords: Accelerator, Cyclotron, Proton therapy, Gamma ray

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