npsm 새물리 New Physics : Sae Mulli

pISSN 0374-4914 eISSN 2289-0041
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Article

Research Paper

New Physics: Sae Mulli 2008; 56: 162-170

Published online March 31, 2008

Copyright © New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Newton’s Scientific Problem Finding and Abductive Reasoning in his Discovery of the Light and Color Theory

Yeonghwa KIM and Youngmin KIM*

Department of Physics Education, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735

Correspondence to:minkiyo@pusan.ac.kr

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate how Newton found a scientific problem and how abductive reasoning was used in his idea development about the light and color theory. We found that Newton’s problem finding in his light and color theory came from a critical analysis of the contemporary theory of light and color based on his relevant knowledge of the physics of light and color and that he formulated a new hypothesis by abductive reasoning through experimental verification. His pattern of his thought process may be used as an effective model for teaching creativity to students.

Keywords: Newton, Problem finding, Abduction, Abductive reasoning, Hypothesis, Light and color theory, Creativity, Physics education

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