npsm 새물리 New Physics : Sae Mulli

pISSN 0374-4914 eISSN 2289-0041


Research Paper

New Physics: Sae Mulli 2010; 60: 689-701

Published online July 31, 2010

Copyright © New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Abductive Reasoning and Creativity in Physics and Physics Education

Youngmin KIM*

Department of Physics Education, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735



In this article, the meaning of abduction and abductive reasoning in scientific development is introduced in the view of the philosophy of science. Then, examples of abductive reasoning shown by creative physicists during the history of science are categorized as prototypic, problem finding after an abduction, successful successive abductions, interactive abduction between two concepts patterns, and additional examples of each category are given. Lastly, ways in which the examples of physicists’ creative problem finding and abductive reasoning can be applied for teachers to develop student creativity development are discussed.

Keywords: Abduction, Abductive reasoning, Successful abduction, Problem finding, Hypothesis formulation, Creative physicist, Creativity education

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