npsm 새물리 New Physics : Sae Mulli

pISSN 0374-4914 eISSN 2289-0041


Research Paper

New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2018; 68: 1268-1274

Published online November 30, 2018

Copyright © New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Design of an Optical System for a Medium Luminous-Intensity Aircraft-Warning Light Using a LED Light Source and a Fresnel Lens

LED 광원과 프레넬 렌즈를 이용한 중광도 항공장애등 광학계 설계

Hyeon Joon PARK1, Seong Won CHOI2, Jong Tae KIM*2

1 Department of LED Convergence Engineering, Pukyong National University, Busan 48513, Korea
2 Department of LED Convergence Engineering and Image Science and Display Engineering, Pukyong National University, Busan 48513, Korea


Received: August 29, 2018; Revised: October 12, 2018; Accepted: October 17, 2018

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Aircraft-warning lights are lights that are used to inform pilots in flight about the presence of buildings or dangerous objects. Currently, the light sources of most aircraft-warning lights have been replaced by light-emitting diodes (LEDs). However, the aircraft-warning lights that are installed do not meet the optical performance standards and may cause airplane collisions. Therefore, the use of such light poses a risk to aviation safety. In order to solve this problem, we designed a Fresnel lens with the same luminous intensity distribution ovef 360$^\circ$ direction; thus, we collimated the light beam from the LED light source with a narrow beam divergence angle in the form of an array of aspheric pieces. After that, we designed and simulated an aircraft-warning-light optical system with a center luminous intensity of 20,000 cd and a vertical divergence angle of 3$^\circ$ or more by optimizing the lens' tilt and the distance between the LED and the Fresnel lens.

Keywords: Aircraft warning light, Fresnel lens, LED, Optical system design

항공장애등이란 비행 중인 조종사에게 건축물이나 위험물의 존재를 알리기 위해 사용되는 등화를 말한다. 현재 대부분의 항공장애등의 광원은 발광다이오드(light-emitting diode, LED)로 대체되었고, 급격하게 확장 및 보급되었으나, 설치된 항공장애등이 광학적 성능 기준을 충족하지 못하여 항공 수송기기의 충돌사고를 유발하고 있으며, 이러한 이유로 항공 안전상의 위험에 노출되어 있는 실정이다. 이러한 문제를 해결하기 위하여 본 연구에서는 360$^\circ$ 방향에서 동일한 광도 분포를 가지고, LED 광원에서 나오는 광선을 좁은 빔(beam) 발산각으로 시준할 수 있는 프레넬 렌즈(fresnel lens)를 각각의 비구면 조각의 집합 (array) 형태로 설계를 하였다. 그 후에, 렌즈 기울기(tilt), LED와 프레넬 렌즈 사이의 거리를 최적화하여 중심 광도 20,000 cd, 3$^\circ$이상의 수직 빔 발산각을 구현하는 항공장애등 광학계 설계와 시뮬레이션을 진행하였다.

Keywords: 항공장애등, 프레넬 렌즈 (fresnel lens), LED, 광학계 설계

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