npsm 새물리 New Physics : Sae Mulli

pISSN 0374-4914 eISSN 2289-0041


Research Paper

New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2019; 69: 458-461

Published online May 31, 2019

Copyright © New Physics: Sae Mulli.

Electron-Beam-Assisted Low-Temperature Crystallization of CuInSe$_\text{2}$

Maeng Jun KIM1, Sung Youp LEE2, Hyeong Rag LEE, Sang Ho SOHN*2

1Korea Multi-purpose Accelerator Complex, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Kyungju 38180, Korea

2Department of Physics, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea


Received: December 11, 2018; Revised: February 22, 2019; Accepted: March 11, 2019

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The effects of electron-beam (E-beam) irradiation on the formation of CuInSe$_2$ (CIS) thin films were investigated through a structural characterization of amorphous CIS (a-CIS) thin-films co-evaporated onto glass substrates. A-CIS thin-films were either heat-treated or subjected to E-beam irradiation. With the E-beam treatment, the crystallization temperature significantly decreased. This is probably due to the catalytic effect of the electrons reducing the activation energy and promoting the nucleation and growth of crystallite grains. The results imply that crystallization can be promoted by using an electron-mediated catalytic effect. The findings in this study open the way for low-temperature crystallization of CIS thin films.

Keywords: CIS, Crystallization, E-beam, Solar cell

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