npsm 새물리 New Physics : Sae Mulli

pISSN 0374-4914 eISSN 2289-0041


Research Paper

New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2020; 70: 50-70

Published online January 31, 2020

Copyright © New Physics: Sae Mulli.

A Study on the Evaluation Methods and the Assessment Questions of Physics in the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme

International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme 물리학 평가 방법 및 평가 문항에 대한 연구

Munho KWON*

Kyungpook Nat'l University High School, Daegu 41950, Korea


Received: August 20, 2019; Revised: December 3, 2019; Accepted: December 9, 2019

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In this study, we performed an overall evaluation, focusing on the assessment of physics subject, of the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IB DP), which was recently introduced as an alternative to public education by some education offices. The evaluation areas of IB DP were the DP Core, internal assessment (IA) and external assessment (EA) and the evaluation were done by teachers and external examiners of the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO). The evaluation items and evaluation methods of the subjects were found to differ depending on their characteristics and levels. In the case of physics, the EA consists of Paper 1, 2 and 3, where Paper 1 consists of multiple-choice problems and Papers 2 and 3 consist of short-answer problems and extended response questions. Especially, Paper 3 evaluates a student's experimental ability. Using the results of these analyses, we discussed the implications of the evaluation methods and the assessment questions of IB DP for the physics educational system.

Keywords: IB DP, Evaluation, Internal assessment, Eternal assessment

본 연구는 최근 일부 교육청에서 공교육 도입을 추진하고 있는 IB DP의 평가 전반에 대해 살펴보고, 물리학 교과의 평가에 집중하여 분석하였다. IB DP의 평가는 DP Core의 평가와 교사에 의해 평가받는 내부 평가(IA), 그리고 IBO의 외부 채점관에 의해 평가받는 외부 평가(EA)로 이뤄져 있으며, 과목의 특성과 수준에 따라 평가 항목과 평가 방법이 다름을 확인할 수 있었다. 물리학 EA는 Paper 1, 2, 3로 구성되어 있다. Paper 1은 객관식이고, Paper 2, 3은 단답형과 확장된 논술형으로 제시되어 있으며, Paper 3에서는 학생의 실험 능력을 평가하고 있다. 이러한 분석을 통해 IB DP의 평가 방법 및 평가 문항이 우리나라의 물리교육계에 주는 시사점에 대해 논의하였다.

Keywords: 국제 바칼로레아 디플로마 프로그램, 평가, 내부 평가, 외부 평가