Ex) Article Title, Author, Keywords
New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2021; 71: 263-275
Published online March 31, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3938/NPSM.71.263
Copyright © New Physics: Sae Mulli.
Hyunguk KIM1, Jinwoong SONG2*
1Department of Physics Education, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
This study was conducted as a basic investigation of the concept of energy and to measure the level of understanding of the concept of energy in Science-gifted elementary school students. The subjects of the study were 60 elementary school students participating in classes after having been selected as gifted students at an institute for Science-gifted students. The research results show that the students chose electric and electronic products the most as associations related to energy concepts, followed by the natural environment and resources, means of transportation, and abstract concepts. Furthermore, the study measured the level of understanding of energy concepts demonstrated by dividing the students into four levels, with 6 students (10%) classified as level 1, 25 students (42%) as level 2, 21 students (35%) as level 3, and 8 students(13%) as level 4. The results of this study will be applied to form effective teaching strategies or curricula for energy concept learning in the future by clearly identifying the level of understanding regarding energy concepts on the part of Science-gifted elementary school students.
Keywords: Energy concepts, Science-gifted elementary school students, Associations, Energy conversion, Energy conservation