npsm 새물리 New Physics : Sae Mulli

pISSN 0374-4914 eISSN 2289-0041


Research Paper

New Phys.: Sae Mulli 2021; 71: 263-275

Published online March 31, 2021

Copyright © New Physics: Sae Mulli.

An Exploration of the Level of Understanding for Energy Concepts demonstrated by Science-gifted Elementary School Students

Hyunguk KIM1, Jinwoong SONG2*

1Department of Physics Education, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea

2Center for Educational Research, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea


Received: December 17, 2020; Revised: January 18, 2021; Accepted: January 22, 2021


This study was conducted as a basic investigation of the concept of energy and to measure the level of understanding of the concept of energy in Science-gifted elementary school students. The subjects of the study were 60 elementary school students participating in classes after having been selected as gifted students at an institute for Science-gifted students. The research results show that the students chose electric and electronic products the most as associations related to energy concepts, followed by the natural environment and resources, means of transportation, and abstract concepts. Furthermore, the study measured the level of understanding of energy concepts demonstrated by dividing the students into four levels, with 6 students (10%) classified as level 1, 25 students (42%) as level 2, 21 students (35%) as level 3, and 8 students(13%) as level 4. The results of this study will be applied to form effective teaching strategies or curricula for energy concept learning in the future by clearly identifying the level of understanding regarding energy concepts on the part of Science-gifted elementary school students.

Keywords: Energy concepts, Science-gifted elementary school students, Associations, Energy conversion, Energy conservation

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